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How to Cite Sources in Your Research Paper: ACM

A guide on how to cite your sources and avoid plagiarism

ACM Journals Word Style

Computer Science Style Guide Suggestions

The Association for Computing Machinery is the pre-eminent professional body dealing in all aspects of information technology. 

On this page you will find a list of the information that is needed, along with several examples for (ACM, APA or IEEE).

Information adapted from the Computer Science Research Guide @libraires.dal.ca

ACM = Association of Computing Machinery
Sample citation [Phillips 2001] -- List References alphabetically, using the author's last name.

APA = American Psychology Association
Sample citation (Raskin, 2002) -- List References alphabetically, using the author's last name.

IEEE = Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Sample citations [1] or [8, 10] -- List References numerically, in the order that you have cited them.

How to write a Reference for a:

Webpage (html document, URL significant)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

Website (with many pages, URL significant)
Basic information needed
 See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

Wikipedia
There are no examples because this is not a scholarly resource. It is not an appropriate reference for academic papers.

Article in electronic Newsletter or Magazine (html document, URL significant)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

ACM Digital Library (pdf document, URL not relevant)
Basic information needed
 See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

IEEE Electronic Library (pdf document, URL not relevant)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

Journal Article with DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

Journal Article (multiple formats online, URL to a directory)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

Journal Article (multiple formats online, URL to a file)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

Journal Article (from a print source, no URL)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

Conference Paper (from Proceedings)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

Book (by one or more authors)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

Authored Chapter in a Book (by one or more editors)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

International Standard (from a print source, no URL)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

International Standard (html document, URL significant)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

Technical Report (from a print source, no URL)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE

Technical Report (html document, URL significant)
Basic information needed See an example using: ACM | APA | IEEE