Fact or Fiction? Don't be fooled!
If you are going to use the web, you will have to evaluate what you find by using the CRAAP test criteria. The CRAAP test is a list of questions to assist you in evaluating the information that you find.
Currency: the timeliness of the information.
- When was the information published or posted
- Does the topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?
- Has the information been revised or updated
- Are the links functional
Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs.
- Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
- Who is the intended audience
- Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e..., not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
- Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is the one you will use?
- Would you be comfortable citing this source in your research paper?
Authority: The source of the information.
- Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
- What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
- Is the author qualified to write on this topic
- Is there contrast information, such as a publisher or email address?
- Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source, examples: .com .edu .gov .org .net
Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.
- Where does the information come from?
- Is the information supported by evidence?
- Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
- Does the language tone seem unbiased and free from emotion?
- Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?
Purpose: The reason the information exists.
- What is the purpose of the information?
- Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain, or persuade?
- Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
- Is the information fact, opinion or propaganda?
- Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
- Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?