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Media Studies: Fact Checking and Bias: Start Finding the Truth

Use this guide to explore the historical, cultural, psychological, and sociological impact mass media bias has on the greater public.

What is Fake News?

"Fake News" are stories promoted as news but are misleading and have not been fact-checked. 

Fact-Checking Websites 

Checks: Political Statements. Note: Product of Annenberg Public Policy Center. 


Checks: Political Statements. Note: Has won the Pulitzer Prize. 

Checks: News stores, Memes, and Urban legends. Note: Works cited at the end of debunking articles. 


Checks: Scientific Claims. Note: Part of with focus on science. 

All Sides 

Checks: Bias rating for News articles, Websites, Think Tanks, Companies, etc. Note: A Multi-partisan website with bias ratings (left, center, right).


Checks: Effect of money and lobbying on elections and public policy. Note: Product of the Center for Responsive Politics (non-profit and nonpartisan).



Checks: Author backgrounds and work history. Note: Not intended for extensive credibility research. Intended as a professional networking website.

Start Here for Reputable News

Fake News Infographic

Alternative Facts vs. Facts

On January 22nd, 2017 on Meet the Press, President Trump senior advisor Kellyanne Conway said that White House press secretary Sean Spicer gave "alternative facts" not falsehoods when describing the 2017 presidential inauguration crowd size. At a press conference on January 21st, 2017, Spicer said, "That was the largest audience to witness an inauguration, period." However, the statement was quickly fact-checked by media and found to be not true (

2017 Inauguration Crowd Size reported "The Facts on Crowd Size" about the 2017 Presidential Inauguration after a crowd-size controversy started on Saturday, Jan. 21st, the day after the inauguration.