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Public Health and Health Disparities Research: Health Disparities

This guide will cover public health issues and the elimination of health disparities.

Causes of Health Disparities

 

Some possible causes of health disparities could be:

1. inequitable access to high-quality education,

2. nutritious food,

3. decent and safe housing,

4. affordable and reliable transportation,

5. culturally sensitive health care providers,

6. health insurance and

7. clean air and water

Populations Impacted

Populations affected by disparities:

1. Racial and ethnic minorities

2. Residents of rural areas

3. Women, children, the elderly

4. Persons with disabilities

Source: National Cancer Institute (NIH)

Health Equity and Health Disparities

Health equity is when everyone has the opportunity to be as healthy as possible.

Health disparities are differences in health outcomes and their causes among groups of people. For example, African American children are more likely to die from asthma compared to non-Hispanic White children. Reducing health disparities creates better health for all Americans.

Video:Tackling Health Disparities: Lee Cooper at TedxBaltimore, February 2, 2014 (YouTube

What is Public Health?