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Public Health and Health Disparities Research: APA and Plagiarism

This guide will cover public health issues and the elimination of health disparities.

How to Cite Using APA Style

APA Style

What is it? Developed by the American Psychological Assocation, APA style is widely used, not only in the social science and management but also in the humanities and natural sciences.

How do I do it? There are two parts to APA citation: in-text reference and the list of reference at the end. See The Purdue Online Writing Lab ( for detailed guidelines.

Don't forget - you must cite your source both 1. In-Text and in a 2. Reference List

1. In-text Citation

The in-text componant of APA citation includes two main elements: the author's last name and the year of the publication (e.g., Ross, 1997). And the page number whenever quoting directly or paraphrasing a specific section of the text (e.g., Ross, 1997). For more than one author, list the names in the order they appear in the source. 

2. Reference List 

The list of references on your paper's last page is titled "References" and should be arranged in alphabetical order.  

Useful APA Links

APA Cheat Sheet

Plagiarism (Practice of stealing someone else's work or ideas as your own) Mix - 4 Famous Musicians (Who Stole Their Biggest Hits) - The Spit Take YouTube (February 2, 2015)

NSU Academic Policy

Norfolk State University adheres to policies and procedures on plagiarism and academic honesty. There are consequences and the results can be failure for the class, expulsion from the class, or  expulsion from the University.

See: Academic Dishonesty Procedures on the University's website.