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Public Health and Health Disparities Research: Race and Ethnicity

This guide will cover public health issues and the elimination of health disparities.

Health Equity and Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups

The term “racial and ethnic minority groups” includes people of color with a wide variety of backgrounds and experiences. However, some experiences are common to many people within these groups. The conditions in the places where these people live, learn, work, and play affect a wide range of health and quality-of life-risks and outcomes. These social determinants of health have historically prevented them from having fair opportunities for economic, physical, and emotional health.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Social Determinants of Health [online]. 2020 [cited 2020 Jun 20]. Available from

Racism in Healthcare (David R. Williams, Professor of Public Health at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health)

Racial and Ethnic Programs

DHHS Office of Minority Health: Statistics

The Office of Minority Health is dedicated to improving the health of racial and ethnic minority populations through the development of health policies and programs that will help eliminate health disparities. Their strategic priority is to support the development and implementation of the provisions of the Affordable Care Act that address disparities and equity. From the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

The project identifies metropolitan area indicators of diversity, opportunity, quality of life and health for various racial and ethnic population groups. This website is available to a wide variety of potential users interested in describing, profiling and ranking U.S. metro areas in terms of quality of life. The indicators provide a scorecard on diversity and opportunity, and allow researchers, policymakers and community advocates to compare metro areas and to help them advocate for policy action and social change.

HHS Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

The action plan from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services outlines goals and intended steps to reduce health disparities among racial and ethnic minorities

NIH National Institute on Minorty Health & Health Disparities

The mission of NIMHD is to lead scientific research to improve minority health and eliminate health disparities. To accomplish this, NIMHD plans, reviews, coordinates, and evaluates all minority health and health disparities research and activities of the National Institutes of Health, conducts and supports research in minority health and health disparities, promotes and supports the training of a diverse research workforce, translates and disseminates research information, and fosters innovative collaborations and partnerships.

Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH)

Through REACH, awardee partners plan and carry out local, culturally appropriate programs to address a wide range of health issues among African Americans, American Indians, Hispanics/Latinos, Asian Americans, Alaska Natives, and Pacific Islanders. From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website.

US Department of Health & Human Services Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

The HHS Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities outlines goals and actions HHS will take to reduce health disparities among racial and ethnic minorities. From the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).