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Human Anatomy and Physiology Resources: Developing a Research Question

This research guide contains resources on the study of human anatomy.

Develop Your Topic With PICO

You can use the PICO(T) to help develop your topic.  The PICO(T) question is the process employed in Evidence Based Practice.

Below are resources that can help in developing your topic:

Start Your Research by Using One of the 5 W's



Who, What, When, Where, Why (and How)

Researchers in most fields are looking for one of two things:

  • A cause for a problem (Why) or
  • A solution to a problem (How).




PICO(T) Kinesiology


Clinical Question:

What is the effectiveness of shoulder counter traction apparatus with physical therapy compared to regular physical therapy alone in patients with frozen shoulder?

 Possible Article: 

Paul, A., Rajkumar, J. S., Peter, S., & Lambert, L. (2014). Effectiveness of sustained stretching of the inferior capsule in the management of a frozen shoulder. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research472(7), 2262-2268.

Write Your Thesis Statement

What is a thesis statement?

  • A thesis statement comes at the beginning of your paper. 
  • It is a statement that answers your research question.
  • The statement is supported throughout your paper with examples and evidence.


What makes a good thesis statement?

  • It takes a position, or advances an opinion.
  • It is specific, not too broad, but not too narrow. (See: LibGuide Advanced Library Research Techniques)
  • It is an arguable statement; there is room for discussion or disagreement.
  • It provides focus and generates interest in the reader.

Three Examples:


Taking a Position -

Poor (doesn't take a position):

  • I'm going to write about the high rate of suicide and depression in transgender adolescents.

Improved (takes a position):

  • The standard story of binary gender in our society creates a hostile environment for gender variant adolescents, as demonstrated by high rates of depression and suicide.



Poor (very general):

  • Europe is a great place to visit.

Improved (more specific):

  • World travel is an important element to a well-rounded college education.



Poor (not much here to argue with):

  • Exercise is good for the elderly.

Improved (specific position that can be argued):

  • Exercise, combined with antidepressants, is more effective in reducing depression in older adults given the prevalence of treatment-resistant depression in late life.