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ENG 102: Communication Skills II: Start Finding the Truth

Use this guide to locate resources for assignments outlined in ENG 102: Communication Skills II.

What is Fake News?

"Fake News" are stories promoted as news but are misleading and have not been fact-checked. 

Fact-Checking Websites 

Checks: Political Statements. Note: Product of Annenberg Public Policy Center. 


Checks: Political Statements. Note: Has won the Pulitzer Prize. 

Checks: News stores, Memes, and Urban legends. Note: Works cited at the end of debunking articles. 


Checks: Scientific Claims. Note: Part of with focus on science. 

All Sides 

Checks: Bias rating for News articles, Websites, Think Tanks, Companies, etc. Note: A Multi-partisan website with bias ratings (left, center, right).


Checks: Effect of money and lobbying on elections and public policy. Note: Product of the Center for Responsive Politics (non-profit and nonpartisan).



Checks: Author backgrounds and work history. Note: Not intended for extensive credibility research. Intended as a professional networking website.

Fact-Check Scams

Scam Alerts: What to know and do about scams in the news

Does it sound too good to be true?

Browse scams by topic or most recent. Stay ahead of crooks with the latest information and practical tips from the Federal Trade Commission's Consumer Information

Fake News with Real World Consequences

How Pizzagate went from fake news to a real problem for a D.C. business

"How Pizzagate went from fake news to a real problem for a D.C. business" by PolitiFact: 

"Fake news became all too real over the weekend after a North Carolina man entered a Washington pizzeria with an assault rifle in an attempt to "self-investigate" a false but persistent conspiracy theory about Hillary Clinton."

A Fake News Masterpiece

From Headline to Photograph

The New York Times article "From Headline to Photograph, a Fake News Masterpiece" explains how and why one man created fake news. 

Who Shares Fake News?

About one in four report sharing fabricated news

Pew Research Center surveyed 1,002 United States Adults from December 1 - 4, 2016.

Use CRAAP to Evaluate Your Sources

Start Here for Reputable News

 Newspaper Source Plus

Access to major international, national, and regional newspapers including television and radio news transcripts. (Full-text) 



Business focused databases that offer full-text access to magazines, journals, news wires, and leading newspapers. (Full-text)

Access World News by Newsbank



This comprehensive news collection is ideal for exploring issues and events at the local, regional, national, and international level. (Full-text)

Gale: Global Issues in Context



This site ties together sources to present a rich analysis of issues: social, political, military, economic, environmental, scientific, and cultural. 

EBSCOhost News Wires


Near real time access to AP, UPI, CNN Wire, Business Wire, and other international news wires. 

Alternative Facts vs. Facts

On January 22nd, 2017 on Meet the Press, President Trump senior advisor Kellyanne Conway said that White House press secretary Sean Spicer gave "alternative facts" not falsehoods when describing the 2017 presidential inauguration crowd size. At a press conference on January 21st, 2017, Spicer said, "That was the largest audience to witness an inauguration, period." However, the statement was quickly fact-checked by media and found to be not true (

2017 Inauguration Crowd Size reported "The Facts on Crowd Size" about the 2017 Presidential Inauguration after a crowd-size controversy started on Saturday, Jan. 21st, the day after the inauguration. 

Confirmation Biases

Blue Feed, Red Feed

See Liberal Facebook and Conservative Facebook, side by side, and how social media feeds confirm individual biases: Blue Feed, Red Feed