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ENG 285.06 (Principles of Speech): Avoiding Plagiarism/NSU Academic Policy

This libguide has been specifically created to provide resources for Dr. Johnson's persuasive speech.

NSU Academic Policy

Norfolk State University adheres to policies and procedures on plagiarism and academic honesty. There are consequences and the results can be failure for the class, expulsion from the class, or  expulsion from the University.

Code of Student Conduct

Academic Dishonesty Procedures


Types of Plagiarism

1.  Plagiarism of ideas-- "Appropriating an idea (e.g., an explanation, a theory, a conclusion, a hypothesis, a metaphor) in whole or in part, or with superficial modifications without giving credit to its originato."

2. Plagiarism of text-- "Copying a portion of text from another source without giving credit to its author and without enclosing the borrowed text in quotation marks."

3. Mosaic Plagiarism -- "Mosaic plagiarism occurs when a writer reuses a mix of word, phrases, and ideas from a source without indicating which words and ideas have been borrowed and/or without properly citing the source."

4. Self-Plagiarism-- Self-plagiarism is also known as ‘reuse,’ ‘recycling fraud,’ or ‘duplicate publication,’ and consists of a person re-purposing their own written material without providing proper attribution by citing the original content. 

5. Cyber-cheating is another form of plagiarism and includes:

  • Cutting and pasting someone else's Web work and submitting it as your own;
  • Downloading essays, papers, speeches etc. from the Web and turning them in as your own;
  • Buying essays, papers, speeches etc. from the Web and turning them in as your own.


Examples of Plagiarism

Written or spoken words, phrases, or sentences from any source, used without proper documentation.

Summarizing without proper documentation (usually a citation) ideas from another source (unless such information is recognized as common knowledge).

Facts, statistics, graphs, pictorial representations, or phrases without acknowledging the source (unless such information is recognized as common knowledge).

Submitting work simultaneously presented in two courses, unless permission is granted by the both the instructors.

Submitting work, either in whole or in part, created by a professional service and used without attribution (e.g., paper, speech, bibliography, or photograph).

From Deborah Schaeffer, University Library, Cal State Los Angeles